The Academy of Sciences of Mozambique is a scientific institution that brings together academics, scientists and innovators, aiming to promote the development of knowledge and technology in the country. ACM is based in Maputo, capital of Mozambique, and covers the areas of natural, technological, social and human sciences. Although it was created by Decree 29/2007 of 19 June 2007, approved by the Council of Ministers in the framework of the implementation of the Mozambican Science, Technology and Innovation Strategy, ACM was only officially launched on 20 February 2009. The aims of ACM are to contribute to the development of science and technology in Mozambique; disseminate national and universal scientific advances; promote research of excellence in the country; raise professional ethics and social values of Mozambican scientists; strengthen the bonds of scientists among themselves, with society and with the rest of the world.
Because of the importance of climate change globally and in Mozambique, in particular, taking into account that the country is very vulnerable to climate change impacts, due to its geographic location, ACM has established a working group on climate change issues. In fact Mozambique is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world. It is the only country in sub-Saharan Africa which is considered at high risk from all three climate hazards: drought, floods and coastal storms. The majority of Mozambicans inhabit rural areas which are prone to weather and climate shocks, they have low adaptive capacities, and they are heavily reliant on climate-sensitive sectors such as agriculture and livestock. Droughts, floods, and tropical cyclones pose a particular threat to communities, transport infrastructure, and livelihoods that are dependent upon rain-fed agriculture, and floods in particular have been prevalent over the past few years. As an example, in 2015, the country was hit by heavy rains and floods in the central and northern regions of the country, and at least 35,000 houses were destroyed partially or completely. Projections indicate that climate change impacts in Mozambique will increase in both frequency and intensity.
Contact persons involved in the project:
- Boaventura Chongo Cuamba
- Alberto Francisco Mavume
- António Queface
- Inês Macamo Raimundo